Private Market Update

Public and private market converge as shareholders react to tech stock selloff, investors reassess sources of returns

Key Takeaways
  • New data offers increased visibility into private market
  • Seller interest outpacing buyer interest for first time in months
  • Investor price interest in private stock down only slightly in January, in contrast to public market pullback
  • Unicorns generally well positioned to weather volatility due to historic fundraising

2021 was an unprecedented year for startups, venture capital and the private market. Globally, investors poured $621 billion into startups, up 111% from 2020.1 Half of that record raise landed in U.S. companies, which soaked up $311 billion.2 This strong fundraising environment minted a record number of unicorns (private companies valued at $1 billion or greater) and allowed startups across many sectors to raise the capital they need to fund long-term growth.

But 2022 is a new year. After a long bull market, the combination of inflation, rising interest rates and the COVID-19 Omicron variant incited volatility in the public markets. Publicly traded technology stocks have collectively struggled to start the year, with the NASDAQ (a widely used barometer for tech) declining 10% in January.3

Meanwhile, in the private market, investors, shareholders and companies want to know what this shakeup in the public markets might mean for them.

What’s clear is that even as the lines continue to blur between the public and private markets, the turbulence that has jostled public markets so far in 2022 has yet to light up the ‘fasten seatbelts’ sign in the private market through the end of January.

To start, primary fundraising appears healthy, with VC’s investing $31.97 billion into U.S. startups in January, a slight increase from December.4

The price investors are willing to pay for privately held company shares dipped only slightly in January (see Indication of Buy and Sell Interest table below), likely a spillover effect from the tech sell-off in the public markets.

Shareholders remained bullish, with the price at which sellers are willing to part with private market shares edging up just slightly since the start of the year.

“As a result of the strong growth in private markets over the past few years, private market investors may also be viewed as public market investors. The result is investor sentiment is highly correlated between the two,” said Charlie Grimes, Managing Director and Head of Capital Markets at Forge. “In recent months, as volatility hit the public markets, we’ve seen more shareholder activity on the platform as employees and early investors are concerned about extended liquidity timelines. Later stage investors sense buying opportunities because they tend to be more long-term, focused on the next 3-5 years and not the next 3-5 Fed meetings.”

This is Forge Global’s February 2022 Private Market Update, which offers investors, shareholders, and issuers a lens into our comprehensive private market platform. With over 470,000 members, Forge Global is a leading private securities marketplace for investors to access timely market data, research on the trading trends of private companies, and liquidity to conduct transactions.

The Details

Private Market Mostly Steady to Start the Year

Toward the end of 2021, as inflation and rising interest rates weighed on the public market, we started to observe similar sentiment on the Forge platform - seller interest outpaced buyer interest for the first time in many months, with engagement on both sides driven by market dynamics and Forge marketing. With public market sentiment improving, the trend reversed somewhat in January.

While we cannot predict future pricing and performance, we believe the gap between public-private sentiment has narrowed, and this may present market participants with potential opportunities to pick entry / exit points to the private market.

As demonstrated in the chart below, there has been a steady increase in seller interest in the last twelve months (indexed against Jan 2021) on the Forge platform, whereas investor demand has been more steady with a sharp decline and partial correction between late Nov 2021 and Jan 2022.

Line chart showing data from Forge Platform where seller interest is increasing and buyer interest is decreasing since February 2021

The private market is beginning to see some downward pricing pressure, but not to the same extent as the public markets. Even as some stakeholders think that startups may have to work harder to attract new rounds of funding at increasingly higher valuations, startups are in large part well-capitalized after a lucrative 2021 and there’s still plenty of dry powder that must be deployed by VCs.

Data card showing +3.90% increase in sell interest price vs -3.03% drop in buy interest price January 2022 vs December 2021 from Forge Platform

Still, sustained public market volatility may cause startups to delay IPOs, creating an increased need for private companies to offer shareholder liquidity in order to recruit and retain employees, and to manage investors on their cap table. For investors, modestly softening prices may present attractive entry points to the private market asset class.

Value Creation Increasingly Occurring in the Private Market

While technology stocks have struggled to start the year, the impact has been most acutely felt by newly public companies. The Renaissance IPO ETF outperformed broad benchmarks for most of the last two years, but as tech stocks sold off in Q4 2021, its returns began to lag the NASDAQ and the S&P 500.

Line chart showing the last 24 months indexed Month over Month performance IPO vs SPY vs QQQ

The private market paints a different picture, as the opportunity for outsized returns may increasingly be shifting to the period before a company goes public. In the aggregate over the last 6 months, companies covered on Forge Intelligence offered strong returns – an average of 60.1% – if investors purchased stock at the last private round price. Investing in the IPO of the same group of companies would have resulted in a –26.5% loss by comparison.

Forge data table showing performance of top US VC backed tech IPOs in the last 6 months, current stock price vs IPO price

Startup Investment Flowing into Diverse Array of Sectors

Investors continue to put capital to work by funding a wide range of U.S. startups and sectors. The largest 10 deals over the last 60 days are spread across biotech, SaaS, logistics, entertainment, crypto, fintech, and more.

Forge data table showing largest 10 US private companies primary financings in the last 60 days and post deal valuation

20 Unicorns in January

In January alone, 20 new unicorns were minted at a median valuation of $1.65 billion. Notable deals include collaboration tool Miro achieving a $17 billion valuation, retired football star Tom Brady’s NFT platform Autograph reaching a $3.17 billion valuation, and biotechnology company Eikon Therapeutics printing a $3.017 billion valuation.

Forge data table showing US private companies that have a $1 billion post money valuation or more in the last 30 days

Unicorn Universe Larger Than Ever, Companies Staying Private Longer

Globally, the private markets are now home to nearly 1,000 unicorn companies with a cumulative market cap of over $3 trillion, according to CB Insights. And as 2021 minted a record number of private companies whose valuation exceeded $1 billion, exits lagged considerably – creating a large investable universe in the private market, especially in the U.S.

Chart showing the increase in newly minted unicorns vs unicorn exiting the private market

While 2022 will no doubt bring its fair share of SPACs and IPOs, market volatility may cause some companies to rethink their timeline and delay going public, accentuating the larger trend of startups staying private longer.

1 CB Insights

2 CB Insights

3 Quandl 1/31/22

4 Quandl 1/31/22

5 Quandl as of 1/31/22

6 List of companies is defined as all issuers with a final private funding round valuation >$1Bn covered on the Forge Intelligence platform. The FI platform covers all VC-backed companies registered in Delaware with a post-money valuation >$250 million as well as any companies for which Forge has either executed a trade or received 2 or more indications of trade interest.

7 PitchBook as of 1/31/22

8 CB Insights as of 1/31/21

About Forge

Forge Global Holdings, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, “Forge”) is a leading provider of marketplace infrastructure, data services and technology solutions for private market participants. By combining world-class trading technology and operating expertise, Forge Markets enables private company shareholders to trade private company shares with accredited investors. Forge Company Solutions, Forge Data and Forge Trust along with Forge Markets help provide additional transparency, access and solutions that companies, institutional and accredited investors need to confidently navigate and efficiently transact in the private markets. Securities-related services are offered through Forge Securities LLC (“Forge Securities”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Forge. Forge Securities is a registered Broker Dealer and Member of FINRA/SIPC.

Legal Notices and Disclosures

Past performance is not indicative of future results.

The information and material presented in this article is provided for your informational purposes only and does not constitute an offer by Forge to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities and may not be used or relied upon in connection with any offer or sale of securities. An offer or solicitation can be made only through the delivery of final offering document(s), purchase agreement(s), and other applicable documentation, and will be subject to the terms and conditions and risks delivered in such documents.

This article does not constitute an offer to provide investment advice or service. Registered representatives of Forge Securities do not (1) advise any member on the merits or prudence of a particular investment or transaction, or (2) assist in the determination of fair value of any security or investment, or (3) provide legal, tax, or transactional advisory services. Securities referenced in this article may be offered by Forge Securities, and certain Forge affiliates may act as principals in such transactions.

Investing in private company securities is not suitable for all investors. An investment in private company securities is highly speculative, involves a high degree of risk, and you should be prepared to withstand a total loss of your investment. Private company securities are also highly illiquid and there is no guarantee that a market will develop for such securities. Each investment also carries its own specific risks and investors should conduct their own, independent due diligence regarding the investment, including obtaining additional information about the company, opinions, financial projections and legal or investment advice. Accordingly, investing in private company securities is appropriate only for those investors who can tolerate a high degree of risk and do not require a liquid investment.